Obesity Randomized Control Trial Essay

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Randomized Control Trial on Obesity

Funding Justification

The health of children is significantly, negatively affected by obesity. The effects last through to one’s adult life. Obesity prevention initiatives are, therefore, seriously regarded across the globe and remain a priority. The urge for interventions based on evidence is overwhelming in modern day healthcare practice; more so for families with obese or overweight parents. A randomized control trial is, therefore, necessary (Johansson et al. 2016). This “Early STOPP” RCT focuses on obese or overweight parents that have infants. The intervention measures are began when children have hit one year and goes on until the age of six. The intervention is carried out by a specialist (a physiotherapist, a nurse or a therapist). The main aspects of the family Early STOPP measures are informed by recommendations from Swedish health experts for CHCC. They include advice on choices of foods that promote good health, heightened physical activity, how to regulate sleeping patterns and reducing sedentary lifestyles (Sobko et al. 2011).

In summary, 200 families from various educational, ethnic and socio-economic background, with children aged 12 months are being enlisted currently. The families included constitute of at least an obese parent with a BMI of 30 or greater than 30, or two parents that are overweight ( BMI greater than or equal to 25) For the purposes of guaranteeing a baseline equivalence and reducing bias in selection, the obese and overweight parents are randomized by being assigned a random number generated by a computer, created by a statistician that is blinded to what is referred to as the Highly Intensive Intervention and the Low Intensive Intervention( HII and LII) groups.
The outcome of the intervention is made known to the families at baseline, before the initial intervention session. A reference children group (n+50) with parents with lean bodies is recruited so as to boost the validity of the measurements (Sobko et al. 2011).

The Study objectives are facilitated by the funding

The Early STOPP RCT seeks to establish whether interventions targeted at pre-school children with one or both overweight parents can deter the occurrence of obesity and being overweight. In particular, it seeks to:

· Compare the changes in BMI-sds in children from one to six years in families under control and intervention

· Identify habits that promote the well being of at-risk patients and contribute to reducing….....

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Sobko, T., Svensson, V., Ek, A., Ekstedt, M., Karlsson, H., Johansson, E., ... & Marcus, C. (2011). A randomised controlled trial for overweight and obese parents to prevent childhood obesity-Early STOPP (STockholm Obesity Prevention Program). BMC Public Health, 11(1), 336.

Johansson, E., Mei, H., Xiu, L., Svensson, V., Xiong, Y., Marcus, C., ... & Hagströmer, M. (2016). Physical activity in young children and their parents–An Early STOPP Sweden–China comparison study. Scientific reports, 6, 29595.

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