Financial Statement Analysis of Verizon Essay

Total Length: 889 words ( 3 double-spaced pages)

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Organizational Context



Verizon is a national telecommunications company, headquartered in New York City. The company was formed from the breakup of Bell and subsequent mergers and acquisitions. The company has divisions for media, network and technology and customer/product operations. The latter is by far the largest component of the company, encompassing Verizon Wireless, and a number of companies aimed at the enterprise market. Verizon competes against AT&T and Sprint, both of which are large companies in their own right, with similar businesses, in particular in wireless and telecommunications. These divisions reflect an organizational structure that is focused on product. The wireless business is nationwide, but the landline-oriented businesses are focused mainly in the northeast, which is the traditional geography for Verizon's predecessor business Bell Atlantic.

Recent Financial Performance



Verizon's business has fluctuated over the past three years. In FY 2016, it recorded $125 billion in revenue, down from $131 billion the year previous, and lower than the $127 billion it recorded in FY2014. This indicates that either the company is struggling to maintain its pricing power because its businesses are competitive, or it is actually losing customers. Gross profit has likewise fluctuated. The company's operating expenses peaked in FY2014, but management evidently felt that the cost structure was too high for where the market was headed, and Verizon has been able to reduce its costs over the past couple of years.

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This resulted in very high net income in FY2015, but the decline in revenue in 2016 resulted in a decrease in net income over the previous year. Whether the decline was a temporary one-year phenomenon or not remains to be seen.



One of the most important elements in the cash flow statement is whether the operating cash flows are aligned with the revenue numbers, and in the case of Verizon they are. FY2016 was the weakest year, and FY2015 the strongest year, in terms of operating cash flows. Thus, the revenue numbers are not unduly skewed by non-cash items. The company remains cash flow positive, despite the downturn in its top line revenue number.



The big number that jumps out in the investing section is that the company spent money in 2015 to acquire more wireless licenses. This was a major investment in its future, one made in a year of strong cash flows. Verizon has otherwise allocated a steady $17 billion per year for capital expenditures.

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References


MSN Moneycentral: Verizon (2017). Retrieved September 22, 2017 from http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/stockdetails/financials/fi-126.1.VZ.NYS?ocid=qbeb

Verizon 2016 Annual Report. Retrieved September 22, 2017 from http://www.verizon.com/about/sites/default/files/annual_reports/2016/downloads/Verizon-AnnualReport2016.pdf






Appendix

Fiscal Year
2014
2015
Change
2016
Change

Revenue
127079
131620
3.57%
125980
-4.29%

COGS
49931
52557
5.26%
51424
-2.16%

Gross Income
77148
79063
2.48%
74556
-5.70%

Operating Expenses
57549
46003
-20.06%
47497
3.25%

Net Income
9625
17879
85.76%
13127
-26.58%





2014
2015
Change
2016
Change

Cash flow Operations
30361
38930
28.22%
22715
-41.65%

Cash Flow Investing
-10983
-30043
173.54%
-15856
-47.22%

Cash Flow Financing
-13322
-15015
12.71%
-57705
284.32%


 

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