Accounting Report Essay

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1. How should the $25 Referral Credit be recorded in Runway's income statement?

In accordance to ASC 605-50-45 Revenue Recognition, a cash consideration handed to a consumer by a vendor or retailer is deemed a decrease in the selling prices of the products or services retailed. This would imply that these cash considerations would be deemed as an expense and a decline in the revenue to be generated by the vendor. Nonetheless, the cash consideration can be deemed as an expense if it solely meets two requirements. First, the cash consideration has to give rise to an identifiable benefit that is separable from the purchase of the recipient, in the sense that the vendor could have achieved the benefit through a third party, and not the purchaser. Secondly, the value that is provided has to be reasonably approximated by the vendor (IAS Plus, 2016).

In this case, Runway does meet these two particular requirements because the $25 credit signified the fair value of a new consumer of the business were to utilize a marketing company to acquire them. This is indicative of the two requirements for fair value and a third party. Considering this, Runway should record the $25 referral credit as a marketing expense or revenue reduction in the income statement of the company (IAS Plus, 2016).
Comment by GL: Lacks clarity

2. When would Runway record the $25 Referral Credit?

In accordance to FASB Codification 605-50 Customer Payments and Incentives, if the consideration is in the form of goods, services, or cash offered willingly by a vendor and without any charge to consumers can be used or comes to be exercisable by a consumer owing to a single exchange transaction, then a vendor shall recognize the cost of the sales incentive at the alter period of: Comment by GL: Meaning not clear

i. At the time a prevailing customer obtains the $25 referral credit

ii. At the time when the prevailing consumer actually makes use of the $25 referral credit to purchase a good or merchandise (Epstein et al., 2009).

The $25 referral credit is acknowledged as an expense by Runway when the new consumer makes his or her first purchase and this would obligate the crediting of the referring consumer (Flood, 2015).

What are the journal entries Runway would record when the $25 Referral Credit is earned by the Existing Customer?

When the existing customer earns the $25 referral credit, then the entries recorded.....

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Epstein, B. J., Nach, R., & Bragg, S. M. (2009). Wiley GAAP 2010: interpretation and application of generally accepted accounting principles. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.

Flood, J. M. (2015). ASC 505 Equity. Wiley Gaap 2015: Interpretation and Application of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles 2015, 555-585.

IAS Plus. (2016). IFRS 15 -- Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Retrieved from:

IAS Plus. (2016). Revenue Recognition. Retrieved from:

IFRS. (2012). IAS 18 Revenue. Technical Summary.

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