Community Health Essay

Total Length: 1038 words ( 3 double-spaced pages)

Total Sources: 4

Page 1 of 3

...precise community health picture invariably aids residents, professional entities, and community groups prioritize illness prevention, and develop coalitions for improving and tackle current issues. A collection of individuals' health status measures may aid comparisons between different populations, foster cooperation between entities performing evaluations, help stimulate residents to collaborate and work towards improving community health, and help establish mutual understanding of contributing factors to health (Boothe, Sinha, Bohm, & Yoon, 2013).



Assessment of Community Health normally utilizes information from secondary and primary sources for characterizing health factors and results, determining community assets, and reflecting community views (Myers & Stoto, 2006). Qualitative as well as quantitative primary information is gathered first-hand via listening sessions, surveys, observation, and interviews (North Carolina Division of Public Health, 2010; U.S. DHHS, 1992; North Carolina Division of Public Health, 2010). Meanwhile, secondary information is gathered for some different purpose, or by some other individual, group or organization (Institute of Medicine, 2011).



2. Policy Development



One main health promotion activity is a policy for public health, whose advancement necessitates accurate anticipation of the policy's health outcomes and influencing of policy process for ensuring the health outcomes are taken into consideration.
Health impact evaluation represents an approach capable of helping meet both the aforementioned requirements. Policies usually create health impacts through a number of indirect ways, rendering prediction complicated (Kemm, 2001).



A policy aiming for a healthy nation is evidently desirable; however, to achieve this, the following two conditions need to be met:



• Multiple policy options' health consequences must be predicted accurately; and • There is a need to influence policy process, to ensure health outcomes are taken into account (Kemm, 2001).



Assessing health impact can aid in fulfilling both the above conditions. Health-related lawmaking is complex as the benefits and harmful effects normally fall on separate groups. For instance, adding a railway line might be regarded as useful (from a health/wellbeing perspective) to individuals travel or transporting goods on it; however, for individuals living nearby, noise pollution poses an ill-effect to health. Resource utilization for a purpose, at least, means that they may not be utilized elsewhere, where another societal segment may have benefited (Kemm, 2001).



3. Assurance



Population health protection and promotion necessitates interdisciplinary and inter-sectoral.....

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References


Boothe, V., Sinha, D., Bohm, M., & Yoon, P. (2013). Community Health Assessment for Population Health Improvement. Atlanta: CDC. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from: https://wwwn.cdc.gov/Communityhealth/PDF/Final_CHAforPHI_508.pdf

Engbers, L. & Sattelmair, J. (2007). Monitoring and Evaluation of Worksite Health Promotion Programs - Current state of knowledge and implications for practice. World Health Organization.

Grimm, I. (2014). Healthcare Regulations: Who Does What? Training and eTracking solutions. Retrieved from: http://www.yourtrainingprovider.com/blog_main/bid/203291/health-care-regulation-who-does-what

HSE. (n.d.). The Health Promotion Strategic Framework. Ireland: Health Service Executive. Retrieved from: http://www.healthpromotion.ie/hp-files/docs/HPSF_HSE.pdf

Kemm, J. (2001). Health impact assessment: a tool for healthy public policy. Health Promotion International, 16(1), 79 -- 85.

Myers, S., & Stoto, M. A. (2006). Criteria for Assessing the Usefulness of Community Health Assessments [Product Page]. Retrieved October 6, 2016, from http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR314.html

McLeroy, K. R., Norton, B. L., Kegler, M. C., Burdine, J. N., & Sumaya, C. V. (2003). Community-Based Interventions. American Journal of Public Health, 93(4), 529 -- 533. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1447783/

North Carolina Division of Public Health, Office of Healthy Carolinians and Health Education and the State Center for Health Statistics. (2010). Community Health Assessment Guide Book. Retrieved from: http://www.schs.state.nc.us/schs/data/databook/2002/Guidebook2002.pdf

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (1992). Planned Approach to Community Health: Guide for the Local Coordinator. Retrieved from: https://wonder.cdc.gov/wonder/prevguid/p0000064/p0000064.asp
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