Enhancing Ship and Port Security Globally Essay

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International Ship and Port Security (Isps) Code on Maritime Security

Impact of the International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) Code on Maritime Security

The study will be based on the question that "What is the impact of the International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) Code on Maritime Security." Answers will be sought to have this question addressed adequately.

The study feels that the ISPS Code has some impacts upon the Maritime Security in the world. Thus, the study seeks to uncover the various impacts that are realized by the Maritime Security as offered by the ISPS.


The influence and functionality of the existing ISPS Code run globally. Its effects, as part of its usefulness and importance, are felt by the Maritime Security among other agents of security in the world. Thus, the study will uncover the impacts caused by the ISPS Code on the Maritime Security in various parts of the world. The study will seek further knowledge from different materials; research was done, among others, most of which might be regional or national, but with some international influence.


The objectives of the study are:

• To determine the possible impacts of the International Ship and Port Security Code

• To determine how the Maritime security is affected by the practices of the ISPS Code

• To determine the functions of the International Ship and Security Code

• To determine the level of which the functions of the ISPS Code affect or coincide with the functions of the Maritime Security in the world

Success criteria

The study is guided by the various research that has already been done, besides the current research into this existing knowledge. New realizations are categorical of the need to fill up gaps left by the previous studies. The study explores practical data that support and affirms the impact of the ISPS Code on the Maritime Security. The study seeks to use imperative research techniques coupled with effective and efficient data analysis systems.

Evaluation of research techniques

The study will use qualitative and quantitative research studies. The research design to be used by the study is a survey design that considers the possibility of accessing critical data within a descriptive avenue of study. Thus, the descriptive survey design to be used by the study seeks to explore on the existing state of affairs, shedding more light on its current state and probable future states. The descriptive survey design to be used by the study involves both the qualitative and study quantitative methods, which will yield both the qualitative and quantitative data for use (Schmitt & Arimatsu, 2012).

The research techniques used will offer a wide variety of methodologies to be used to explore the research question and search for what is internally significant to the realization of the study objectives and goals. Descriptive survey technique is relevant in discovering new aspects within the study, and outlining them the way they are (Gaouette, 2010). The aim and the objectives of the study are seeking to have a description of the different ways in which the International Ships and Port Security Code influence or affect the Maritime Security in the world. Hence, the study design will be instrumental in arriving at these described details. The study will use qualitative and quantitative data, all collected from different parameters and fields of study. The study designs will be useful in highlighting the immediate results of the study. The study, thus, will use a descriptive survey research technique, which will highlight all of its qualitative and quantitative data needed to make the study a success. The objectives, aims, and intentions of the study will all be aligned to this study technique right from the start to the end as a way of making the research study a success.

Literature Review

According to Mcnicholas (2008), the International Ship and Port Facility Code represent a comprehensive conglomerate of measures that work to enhance the security of the port facilities together with the ships. This code was developed as a response to the probable threats to the port facilities and ships after the occurrence of the 9/11 attacks in the United States of America. Therefore, the core and initial aim of this code are to offer immediate security detail to the port facilities together with the ships in the world. The maritime security, thus, is enhancing in one way or another through the provision of this code. Klein (2011) suggests that it is the function of the code to protect the common citizens in who are the facilities offshore and onshore.

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This, thus, directs us to an understanding that the International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) Code on Maritime Security works in a multiplicity of ways simply to protect the port facilities together with ships, and probably the human life (Klein, 2011).

Since the establishment of the ISPS Code much has changed within the maritime security (Mcnicholas, 2008). Such changes, although not directly linked to the introduction of the code, are because of the implementation of the code in various sections of the world. Security is a needed subject in all corners of the world, not only on the mainland but also within shores and deep into the sea. Thus, as the threats linked to human and facility life keeps increasing, there has always been a rising need to alleviate such threats with remedy measures in the form of the International Ship and Port Security Code.

Before the introduction of the ISPS Code, it can be said that there were many vulnerabilities to the port facilities and ships, which even endangered the lives of the people involved. The criticality of Code can be ascertained with the current measures that have been implemented to keep vigil of the security details in the world albeit after the occurrence of the 9/11 attacks in the U.S. (Gaouette, 2010). Therefore, the Code must be influencing the maritime security in one way or another, which determines the question for the study. With the question being laid on the premise of finding out how such effects are, and how they come about, the study has sought to use different dimensions that will warrant equitable results for the conclusion and further recommendation into the future studies (Mcnicholas, 2008).

Summary of findings

The maritime security is detailed to offer security to the port, facilities, and the ships. With the introduction of the Code, the maritime security has ventured into greater heights of success and possible breakthroughs in what looks like a tedious responsibility to offer. It is the responsibility of the Maritime Security to protect the facilities within ships, the ports, and the vessels offshore and onshore. In the wake of the 2004 9/11 attacks in the United States of America, besides the Italian cruise ship hijacking in 1985, it became necessary to have countermeasures and protective measures that would work to offer more firm security details for the years to come. Such measures were supposed to offer protection against the occurrence of such attacks as those two mentioned above. Initially, the International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) Code has implemented under the chapter XI-2 Special measures. These measures work to enhance the maritime security within the international convention offering safety of life within seas (SOLAS). This code has two specific parts, each of which works hand in hand with the initial maritime measures to increase the stake of security in the world.

One of the sections of the International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) Code is called the mandatory section while its counterpart is called the recommendatory section. The ISPS Code ensures that an assessment of the risks involved in offering this protection is done. The assessment is done because the idea of offering security to the vessels and the ports together with the facilities is a risky job in itself. In every particular case, as with the security of the facilities, ship, and the port, risks have to be examined in detailed (Schmitt & Arimatsu, 2012). The purpose of the code is to provide a consistent framework that is standardized for it to be used to enable the governments to oversee an offset of the changes with the threats and vulnerabilities at stake. The governments, having determined what is entirely appropriate and good for the code, will pursue the act of determining appropriate levels of security together with corresponding measures for security in all the designated regions. All these activities fall under the activities and responsibilities of the Maritime Security.

Compliance with the ISPS Code is in itself a sure way of ensuring Maritime security of manageable at all times whenever possible. The Code is part of the SOLAS hence its compliance is made mandatory for all of the 148 contrasting parties to SOLAS. This is according to the Status of Conventions of SOLAS Contracting Governments. It is necessary for the involved countries to seek their compliance failure to which they are likely to lack information within the database. Besides, the Code makes it possible for….....

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Bichou, K., Szyliowicz, J. S., & Zamparini, L. (2014). Maritime Transport Security: Issues, Challenges, and National Policies. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Gaouette, M. (2010). Cruising For Trouble: Cruise Ships As Soft Targets for Pirates, Terrorists, and Common Criminals. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger.

Kamal-Deen, A. (2015). Maritime Security Cooperation in the Gulf Of Guinea: Prospects and Challenges. Leiden: Brill.

Klein, N. (2011). Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea. Oxford: OUP Oxford.

Mcnicholas, M. (2008). Maritime Security: An Introduction. Burlington, MA: Academic.

Schmitt, M. N., & Arimatsu, L. (2012). Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law: Volume 14, 2011. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser.

Wu, S., & Zou, K. (2009). Maritime Security in the South China Sea: Regional Implications and International Cooperation. Farnham, England: Ashgate.

Yap, W. Y. (2009). Container Shipping Services And Their Impact On Port Container Competitiveness: Thesis Submitted To Obtain The Degree Of Ph. D. In Transport and Maritime Economics on 3 November 2009 at 15H00. Brussels: UPA University Press Antwerp.

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