The Link Between Temperament and Creativity Research Proposal

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Introduction

Background

Humans faces numerous challenges arising from majorly stress and conflicts in life that interferes with them in one way or the other. These daily predicaments cause one to be temperamental. Temperament is a state where an individual’s behavior and emotions show anger (Drabick and Ribanowitz, 2017). Such altered emotions and actions deprive one sense of focus, reasoning rationally and even having a decorum behavior. Researchers notes that temper is on the rise among children and adolescent individuals and as such it is becoming a major problem (Schimmel and Jacobs, 2011).Anger at time becomes chronic that one destroys things ,physical and verbal abuse ensues, unruly behavior and sometimes leads to suicide or homicide .For instance, Robin Williams, the famous Hollywood actor ,committed suicide out of depression.

Problem statement

In as much as there is considerable level of negative effect of anger, there is certain degree of anger that can propel creativity. Creativity is a fresh and new ideas that transforms, propels and uplift in situations of stagnation or fall (Frese et al, 2013).

Dr. Andrew McCulloch () says that anger under specific degree makes us operate effectively and efficiently since it is the root for our survival. This means that mild anger drives creativity in a person thus encouraging one to look for survival tactics. The hint is that, considerable anger relates with creativity. This paper therefore seeks to establish the relationship between anger and creativity.

Significance of the study

Survival is all about understanding situation and adapting to it in manner that you become minimally affected (Frese et al 2013). The study has the primary objective of informing the general public on how to moderate their temper and to take advantage of stressful times and how to deal with conflicts. It seeks provide more information that other researchers and scholars left.

Research Questions

The research seeks to address the following questions:

1. How do anger affect the level of a person’s creativity?

2. What causes chronic anger?

3. What are some of the measures that can be taken to supress anger?

4. How does a person feel when his or her creativity is affected by anger?

Study hypotheses

The study is based upon the following two hypotheses:

1. H1

If under mild anger one is able to come up with good and insightful ideas then it depicts that average anger correlates with an increase in creativity

2 .H2

If under mild anger one is unable to come up with food ideas then moderate anger does not relate with creativity at all.

Literature review

The issue of the relationship between temper and creativity has become appoint of discussion among scholars and researchers as well. Proponents of anger facilitates creativity have brought different ideas and knowledge to support their notions.

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Ford (2012) argues that angered people are more likely to be creative than the calm individuals. This is because temperamental people are able to brainstorm a particular subject matter in unstructured manner thus able to solve a particular thing as opposed to their fellow calm counterparts. The logic is that, when these two individual groups are brainstorming, the angered guys dedicate most of their thinking to that subject matter and begins questioning the consequences of an issue. As compared to calm people, they tend to relax hence the attention on issue is not that emphasized thus they become les creative.

Relationship between Temperament and Creativity

Proposed Study

Participants

Thirty undergraduate students will be recruited to participate in this study. At least one student will represent each of the University academic departments. They will be recruited via Ashford University Facebook group. Most of the students are active Facebook users. So, a post inviting volunteers to participate in this study will be read by majority of the students. Each participant will be compensated because they are expected to attend two different sessions. The study will be carried out according to the ethical standards set by Ashford University.

Procedure

All the participants will fill an informed consent form. The form will tell participants that they are participating in a study about temperament and creativity and their responses will not be used for any other purposes apart from this study.

Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT) and Formal Characteristics of Behavior - Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI) questionnaire will be administered to participants. FCB-TI will be delivered first then TTCT. So, there will be two sessions. Each of the measures is described below:

FCB-TI. This questionnaire was developed by Strelau and Zawadzi (FCB-TI; Strelau & Zawadzki, 1995). It is used to measure six temperament traits outlined by Regulative Theory of Temperament. The traits are briskness (BR) activity (AC), sensory sensitivity (SS), perseveration (PE), emotional reactivity (ER), and endurance (EN). BR refers to the ability to change from one activity to another.AC is one's ability to engage in numerous activities that are stimulating. SS is the capacity to respond to weak sensory stimulations. ER is the tendency to respond intensively to emotional stimuli.PE refers to the tendency to maintain and repeat actions that are not appropriate anymore. EN is the capacity to behave efficiently in situations that require high external stimulation (Oniszczenko, Stanis?awiak, Dembi?ska-Krajewska, & Rybakowski, 2017)

FCB- TI is a yes-no questionnaire that contains 120….....

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References

Baas, M., Roskes, M., Sligte, D., Nijstad, B. A., & De Dreu, C. K. (2013). Personality and Creativity: The Dual Pathway to Creativity Model and a Research Agenda. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7(10), 732-748. doi:10.1111/spc3.12062

Chavez-Eakle, R. A., Lara, M. D., & Cruz-Fuentes, C. (2006). Personality: A Possible Bridge between Creativity and Psychopathology? Creativity Research Journal, 18(1), 27-38. doi:10.1207/s15326934crj1801_4

IBM Corp. (2017). IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 25.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp

N?cka, E., & Hlawacz, T. (2013). Who has an Artistic Temperament? Relationships between Creativity and Temperament among Artists and Bank Officers. Creativity Research Journal, 25(2), 182-188. doi:10.1080/10400419.2013.783744

Oniszczenko, W., Stanis?awiak, E., Dembi?ska-Krajewska, D., & Rybakowski, J. (2017). Regulative theory of temperament versus affective temperaments measured by the temperament evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A): a study in a non-clinical Polish sample. Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 2, 73-82. doi:10.5114/cipp.2017.65847

Strelau, J., & Zawadzki, B. (1995). The Formal Characteristics of Behavior – Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI): Validity studies. European Journal of Personality, 9, 207–229. doi: 10.1002/per.2410090304

Torrance, E. P. (1998). The Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking norms – technical manual figural (streamlines) forms A & B. Bensenville, IL: Scholastic Testing Service, Inc.

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