Juvenile Justice Essay

Total Length: 968 words ( 3 double-spaced pages)

Total Sources: 5

Page 1 of 3

The historic year of 1910, which was marked by South Africa's unification, saw an attempt to develop a national prison and punitive policy. This goal was encapsulated within the 13th Act of 1911 (Prisons and Reformatories Act) as well as within the establishment of a Prisons Department. The Act served to revoke, partially or completely, every penal system-related law in place within the country's four colonies prior to its unification (i.e., laws implemented between 1902 and 1910) (Singh, 2005). Nooshin Erfani-Ghadimi claims that prisons in the nation are often overpopulated, thereby overburdening their ventilation, sanitation, and healthcare facilities. Single cells may be used to house three inmates while the communal cells that are meant to house forty inmates may be packed with twice that amount of inmates, forcing them to sleep in triple or double bunks (Smith-Spark, 2014).



Brazil's Justice Ministry is in charge of the nation's prison system, whose management comes under National Penitentiary Department duties. In the year 2013, the nation's prisons housed 581,000 inmates, making its incarcerated population the 4th largest worldwide. Of these, 557,000 were held in jails while the rest were detained within police facilities. Brazil's prison system comprises of a total of 1,598 facilities. Every single one of these is excessively overpopulated. On account of the nation's glaring failure in managing its prison system, particularly in terms of capacity, private investors were invited to invest in Brazil's prison system.
Most Brazilian incarceration facilities are state-managed with the remaining being under Federal Government management. They are equipped to keep extremely dangerous convicts found guilty of engaging in organized criminal activities at bay (Bruha, 2015).



Indian prisons and prison administrations fall under the jurisdiction of state governments. The Indian Constitution's Schedule VII (State List), Item IV addresses this area. State governments are solely in charge of prison administration and management, which is regulated by the 1894 Prisons Act as well as individual states' Prison manuals (Ali, 2014). Prisons in India also suffer from overcrowding. The average day of an inmate is tough. A majority of them remain waiting for word, and visits, from family members and lawyers. Indian prison healthcare facilities and the psychological assessment of inmates may be deemed as being at the most basic stage. Nevertheless, the prison system in the nation incorporates a mechanism that allows jailed convicts to communicate directly with judges and resolve any problems they face.



There are a few features that are common to Indian, South African and Brazilian prison systems. Firstly, each of these nations' prison systems is burdened by overcrowding issues. Overcrowding and a large number of imprisonment sentences do not necessarily mean growing crime.….....

Show More ⇣


     Open the full completed essay and source list


OR

     Order a one-of-a-kind custom essay on this topic


References


Ali, S. (2014). Prison in India: an Overview Indian Journal of Applied Research, Vol.4

Bruha, P. (2015). Prison System in Brazil - The Brazil Business. Retrieved April 17, 2017, from http://thebrazilbusiness.com/article/prison-system-in-brazil

Lappi-Seppala, T. (2010). Causes of Prison Overcrowding.

Singh, S. (2005). The historical development of prisons in South Africa: a penological perspective.

Smith-Spark, L. (2014). What's life like in a South African prison? - CNN.com. Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2013/02/21/world/africa/south-africa-prison-conditions/
Related Essays

Juvenile Delinquency Essay

juvenile justice system has been inadequate” (nap.edu). Hence the more that the statistics show growing numbers of violent adolescents and teenagers, the more that policymakers fight for harsher penalties for these incidents. However, while arrest data is valuable in tracking the flow of crime, as the table above demonstrates, there are limitations to relying exclusively on arrest data. Arrest statistics don’t always accurately encapsulate the actual number of people arrest each year, largely because a variable quantity of people may be arrested more than one time annually (nap.edu). Furthermore, for… Continue Reading...

Liberal and Conservative Beliefs of Justices

states (Brutus No. 1, 1787). UNIT 1 DISCUSSION (2) Feld's (1994) "Honest Politician's Guide to Juvenile Justice in the Twenty-First Century" argues that social welfare should be separated from social control in juvenile courts so as to allow courts to try all offenders in a more consistent manner that allows therapy to be delivered in a separate sphere (social welfare) and justice to be delivered in the courts (with the caveat being that youth offenders should receive smaller sentences on account of their youth). The argument is persuasive because it takes into consideration the idea that courts are there to pass judgment not to provide… Continue Reading...

Protection of the Victims of Crime

to consider, deeply the other facilitating factors for the victimization for those in the above mentioned categories (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, n.d). Economic status- it is noted that more crime seems to be prevalent in poorer neighborhoods, though no community is immune to crimes, the lower socioeconomic communities suffer the brunt of it more. The offenders are also seen to be more in such lower economic areas hence increasing the chances of a victim running into an offender. One hence needs to choose where they live and if they happen to live in lower economic zones, then they need to be responsible for being guardians of… Continue Reading...

Broken Arrow Brothers: A Criminological Analysis

illness in his case. The fact that Michael was only sixteen at the time of the crime demonstrates the relevance of a separate juvenile justice system, suggesting that trying juveniles as adults can indeed prove problematic. “Adolescents are more likely to kill because the normal turbulence of adolescence runs up against constraints they perceive have been placed upon them in a setting of limited alternatives,” (Heide, 2016, p. 1). The main factors to consider in the Broken Arrow case include the unique features of juvenile familicide, the role of child abuse and related trauma; and the role mental illness plays in cases like these. Motives The Broken Arrow case bears almost all the… Continue Reading...

American Corrections and Sentencing Trends

into county-level disparities in the domain of juvenile justice results discovered that individual-level properties do not singlehandedly impact outcomes. Rather, the minor's residential community composition also plays a role. Researches attempting at better understanding procedures between apprehension and incarceration, especially at the sentencing phase, have been engaged in for acquiring a better grasp of the unaccounted-for discrepancies in state detention centers. [9: Richard J. Stringer, and Melanie M. Holland. "It's not all black and white: A propensity score matched, multilevel examination of racial drug sentencing disparities." Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice 14, no. 4 (2016): 327-347.]… Continue Reading...

Pilot Study on Absenteeism and Achievement

be adopted, those that are designed to assist the student with tendency of absenteeism; community juvenile justice agencies and community based programs. The institution can also adapt to practices and policies ensuring that the students attend classes rather than pushing them out. On the other hand the student’s families can also be involved with the institutions working hand in hand with the parents in solving such problems. From the random sampled data we see that the students’ performance was majorly affected in reading as compared to math. For instance, from the table we can see that whenever absenteeism was recorded to be high, the student… Continue Reading...

Cite This Resource:

Latest APA Format (6th edition)

Copy Reference
"Juvenile Justice" (2017, April 19) Retrieved November 13, 2019, from
https://www.aceyourpaper.com/essays/juvenile-justice-essay

Latest MLA Format (8th edition)

Copy Reference
"Juvenile Justice" 19 April 2017. Web.13 November. 2019. <
https://www.aceyourpaper.com/essays/juvenile-justice-essay>

Latest Chicago Format (16th edition)

Copy Reference
"Juvenile Justice", 19 April 2017, Accessed.13 November. 2019,
https://www.aceyourpaper.com/essays/juvenile-justice-essay